Magical Gems that display Asterism

Star Sapphire: The Gemstone of Destiny

General Information

What are Star Sapphires?
Star Sapphires are one of the most fascinating gemstones on earth. Like Star Rubies, Star Sapphires show a bright six-legged star in the dome of their cabochon. This is caused due to an optical phenomenon known as “Asterism” (Aster in Latin means Star). The stars are formed by light reflecting off tiny inclusions in the stone. Stars in Star Sapphires are usually in six-ray stars, but twelve-ray stars are also known.

Blue Star Sapphire, Yellow Star Sapphire


What causes the “Star” to form?
Rutile is the essential element that causes the star-effect in star sapphires. The more densely packed the rutile, the better the star. This effect or optical phenomena is known as “Asterism". Asterism occurs when the light is concentrated into three rays that intersect at right angles to the direction of the needles, thus creating a six-legged star. Usually these stones only star in sunlight or under strong indoor light (such as spotlight or halogen light). Of course, synthetic stars display asterism perfectly in all lights, which make them simple to detect.

How to determine the price of a star sapphire?

The value of star sapphires is basically influenced by two things:
(a) The strength and sharpness of the star,
(b) Intensity and attractiveness of body colour


All star sapphires are cut as medium to high domed-cabochons. This is necessary to display the star effect. Most star sapphire cabochons are round or oval shaped. Usually the bottoms of the cabochons are left unpolished to prevent light from escaping from the gemstone. The star should be properly centered when the gem rests on its base.


Although star sapphires occur in a variety of colors, the supply of fine stones is always limited. Black star sapphires which range from translucent to opaque are often very dark brown, green, or blue, rather than true black. Black stars are the most readily available and least expensive natural star stones. Green star sapphires are rare and yellow or orange ones are very rare. It is extremely rare to find a star-sapphire with a sharp star and a bright blue body color. Also it must be noted that grayish sapphires tend to have better stars than the blues.


Rutile (Silk), which is normally considered an inclusion, is what causes “the star-effect” in star sapphires. Hence star sapphires can never be transparent.

Carat Weight (Size):

Normally, star sapphires are available in the sizes ranging from 1 carat to 15 carats. Large star sapphires are extremely rare and are therefore very expensive.

Star Sharpness:

Each star should be complete and sharp, with no missing or broken legs. In a perfect star sapphire, each of the 6 rays should reach the girdle.

Sources of Star Sapphire:

The finest blue star sapphires come from Mogok (Burma) and Srilanka. Kashmir in India used to be one of the most desired sources of star sapphire but unfortunately the deposits have been depleted. As for black star sapphires, the most valuable are the golden-star black stars from Chanthaburi, Thailand. Other major sources of Star Sapphires are India (Kashmir), Pakistan, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Afghanistan, Vietnam, Tanzania, Malawi, Madagascar, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Kenya, Malagasy Republic, Brazil, Cambodia, Australia and the United States (Montana, North Carolina). As of 2007, Madagascar leads the world in the mining of star sapphires.

Characteristics of Sapphires:





Molecular formula



Aluminium oxide

Mohs Scale Hardness


Crystal Shape



Blue, yellow, pink, white gamma

Atomic (Crystal) Structure

Cross sectional

Refractive Index

1.762–1.770 (0.008) Uniaxial negative

Density (Relative)

2.65 - 2.68

Light interaction

Vitreous to semi-transparent


Blue none; colorless orange-yellow, violet


Black Star Sapphires:


Black Star Sapphires

A Rare 12-ray black star sapphire with a golden star
Black Star Sapphires with a Golden Star A Rare 12-ray Black Star Sapphire

Next: Star Sapphire Myths, Legends & Beliefs | Buy Star Sapphires

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